Mississippi River Deepening Plan Positions Port NOLA to Capture Increased Volumes and Greater Economic Impact for the Region
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ decision to deepen the Mississippi River Ship Channel will expand the Port of New Orleans’ (Port NOLA) critical role of serving as a gateway that connects inland markets in America’s heartland and Canada to the rest of the world.
The Corps signed a final economic justification report in August 2018, amid strong support from elected officials and industry leaders to increase the channel’s depth to 50 feet, the same depth of the expanded Panama Canal, from the Gulf of Mexico upriver 256 miles to the Port of Greater Baton Rouge. The current ship channel is maintained to 45 feet.
The decision clears the way to ensure larger ships can access ports on the Lower Mississippi River and positions Port NOLA ahead of other Mississippi Gulf ports.
“A deeper river will allow Port NOLA and the lower Mississippi River port-complex to reliably handle larger vessels that carry more cargo and generate significant economic benefits for the region,” said Brandy D. Christian, Port NOLA President and CEO. “The capability of handling larger vessels is essential to Port NOLA’s competitive advantage and supports our existing success with retaining the service of major carriers.”
The project will position the Port to handle growing container volumes at Port NOLA’s Napoleon Avenue Container Terminal which handled more than 500,000 TEU’s (twenty-foot equivalent units) for three consecutive years. Port NOLA anticipates approaching 600,000 TEU’s in 2018 and expects to exceed that volume in 2019.
To handle demand and planning for the long term, the Port complex will benefit from a second and complimentary container terminal. Port NOLA officials are evaluating a priority site in neighboring St. Bernard Parish for its ability to accommodate container operations for all three ocean carrier alliances and vessels of any size.
“Increasing maritime activity in St. Bernard Parish would be a win for everyone, and we are working with local and state partners on the infrastructure investments to benefit the industry and the community,” Christian said. “With two integrated container terminals served by one of the strongest rail, barge and road gateways, along with unrestricted air draft and 50-foot water depth, Port NOLA will be able to meet the growth demands for the entire Lower Mississippi River for the next century, as well as outpace the capabilities of any other Gulf port to handle the largest vessels.”
The New Orleans Public Belt Railroad will also benefit from a deeper river as volumes would likely rise with increased activity at the Napoleon Avenue and secondary container terminals.
“This is truly a great moment for Louisiana and the thousands of men and women whose livelihood depends upon the Mississippi River,” said Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards. “One in five jobs in Louisiana is tied to our ports and this project will help to make our world-renowned port system even more competitive, while creating opportunities for manufacturers, growers and producers who rely on our ports up and down the entire Mississippi River.”
Port NOLA is one of five ports located on the Lower Mississippi River, which combined move more than 500 million tons of cargo, including 60 percent of the nation’s grain.
The project is expected to create 17,000 jobs as a result of the increase in production and $849.5 million in increased income for American workers, according to a study co-sponsored by the Big River Coalition and the Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development.
The Corps’ report identified the benefit-to-cost ratio at 7.2 to 1, calling the project one of national and international significance. The federal share of the project would be $118.1 million, while the estimated non-federal share would be $39.4 million.
The Corps also stated the project is environmentally sustainable as material dredged from thirty miles of the project near the mouth of the river will be used to create an estimated 1,462 acres of new marsh habitat.